Scottish Mining Website

1861 Fatal Accidents

Notes - The information in this page is mainly compiled from appendices to the reports of the Inspector of Mines and Collieries - William Alexander for the Western District of Scotland and Robert Williams for the Eastern District of Scotland. Additional details from the main body of the report are given where available. Many accidents are not listed in these reports and additional names have been added from newspaper reports and other sources - information not sourced from the mine inspectors reports is indicated by a shaded gray background

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Information from Appendix to Inspectors Report
Extra Details
YearMonthDayName of CollieryWhere situatedOwners namePerson(s) killedOccupationAge if givenCategory of AccidentCause of death
1861January4         James Liddell      Not listedDeath not listed in Inspectors report Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages[NB This accident is probably the same as listed under the inspectors report for 1860 - December 28 to Thomas Liddle]
1861January7Shotts Iron WorksWishawShotts Iron CoGeorge KerrCollier   Falls of roofFall of roof at face of workingsNewspaper Report
1861January17PolkemmetBathgateShotts Iron CoJames SwanMiner   Falls of roofFall of stone from roofNewspaper report
1861January21 No 14 WhiffletLanarkshire   Robert Jenkins      Not listedDeath not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report - Old Monkland pages
1861January30KersePatnaWilsons & CoWilliam WilsonCollier50Falls of roof and coalFall of roof at the face  
1861January30Omoa Iron WorksMotherwellRobert StewartThomas MurphyMiner   Falls of roofFall of coal at face of workings  
1861February2BridisholmBailliestonJohn Stewart & CoThomas KingLabourer   Above groundStruck by handle of crane

From Main body of report: At Bridisholm Baillieston on 2nd February, where a labourer was struck by the handle of a crane whilst assisting raising pump rods
1861February2StanriggAirdrieWilliam BlackJames SwanCollier   ExplosionsExplosion
From Main body of report: February 2nd at Stanrigg, resulting in the death of one person, who went into an abandoned place of the working with a naked lamp
Newspaper Report
1861February4ArnistonDalkeithJohn ChristieMatthew AlexanderCollier  Falls of roofFall of coal at face of workings  
1861February4GartgillCoatbridgeWilliam Baird & CoGeorge SamuelCollier34ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp

From Main body of report: This accident happened in or near to the deceased's working-place, which he had been engaged driving forward to a "heading," not in course of extension.

It would appear that he had formed a connexion with the "heading" three or four days previous to the accident, and that shortly after this communication had been made the overman and fireman very injudiciously took out the brattice, by which the air had previously been carried to the extreme "rise" of the heading, and the result of this was, a small quantity of firedamp accumulated between the point where the deceased formed the connexion with the "heading" and the space to the "rise" of it.

The fireman explained that he had cautioned the deceased regarding this accumulation, and pointed out its range and the limit of safety. The result, however, proves the absurdity of attempting to work with an unprotected light in the immediate neighbourhood of fire-damp, and with no other protection than an imaginary line of safety formed by a current of air, changing with the varied conditions of the shaft and airways.
Newspaper report - Old Monkland pages
1861February9ThorntonKilmarnockArchibald FinnieDavid WallaceSinker35In shaftsA “seizing” of the pipes gave way while the deceased was engaged connecting the column of pumps with a lodgement  
1861February13DundonaldDunfermlineJames A NaismithHenry AllanCollier  Falls of roofFall of stone from roof  
1861February16MilnwoodHolytownJohn ChristieRobert PattisonCollier  ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp

From Main body of report: February 16th, at Milnwood, resulting in the death of two persons, who were working in the pit during the time the ventilating furnace was in course of being erected
Daniel SweeneyCollier 
1861February18BurnbraeAirdrieJohn RussellJohn MackayCollier  MiscellaneousCrushed by hutch coming up an incline

From Main body of report: At Burnbrae, near Airdrie, on February 18th where one person was killed by a hutch coming up an incline
Newspaper Report -New Monkland pages
1861February19StevenstonHolytownStevenston Coal CoAlexander RobertsWaggon driver  Above groundCrushed by waggons

From Main body of report: At Stevenson, near Holytown, where a young man was crushed by waggons on branch railway
1861February27WoodendBathgateColtness Iron CoAlexander WeirMiner  Falls of roofFall of stoneNewspaper report
1861February28EastfieldRutherglenThos. G BuchananJohn JacksonDrawer14In shaftsBy falling down a “blind” shaft or stapleNewspaper report
1861February28GarthamlockBailliestonJames PantonDaniel MartinCollier44Falls of roof and coalFall of roofNewspaper report
1861March1TorbanhillBathgateJames Russell & SonThomas ChalmerPitheadman  In shaftsFalling down pit from surfaceNewspaper report
1861March6BraeheadCumnockWilliam Baird & CoJohn CopelandMiner21Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of ironstone  
1861March6DixonCumnockWilliam Baird & CoPatrick MonachanMiner27Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of ironstone  
1861March8Campsie MineLennoxtownHurlet & Campsie Alum CoJohn BennieDrawer55Falls of roof and coalFall of roof  
1861March8DreghornIrvineArchibald KennethGeorge MartinCollier34Falls of roof and coalFall of coal  
1861March9Kinneil Iron WorksBo'nessWilliam Wilson & CoOwen ScullyEngine fireman  Above groundExplosion of steam boiler

From Main body of report: On March 9th, at Kinniel Iron Works, where an engine fireman was killed by the explosion of a steam-boiler
1861March12StevensonHolytownStevenson Coal CoJohn BairdCollier   MiscellaneousCrushed by hutch where he was working at bottom of pit

From Main body of report: At Stevenson, near Holytown, on 12th March, where a man was crushed by a hutch, where he was working at bottom of pit
1861 March 21 Alloa     John Hunter     Not listed Death not listed in Inspectors report Newspaper report - Clackmannan pages
1861March22BraeheadCumnockWilliam Baird & CoJohn ClarkFire-boy15Ironstone mines – above groundBoiler bursting

From Main body of report: The Procurator Fiscal in this case charged the engineman with culpable homicide, and with culpable violation or neglect of duty; he was tried at the Ayr Circuit Court in September last, by Lord Cowan and a jury, and after a careful examination of witnesses practically acquainted with the working and construction of boilers, and others who proved the state of the boilers and the previous working of them, the jury found the accused guilty as libelled, and his lordship sentenced him to six months' imprisonment.
NB - The engineman was John Wyllie, age 24, Auchinleck, Ayrshire - source NAS catalogue
John HanningLabourer--
1861March29DrummillanDennyWilliam Baird & CoMichael CampbellMiner55Ironstone mines – in shaftsBy a fall of stone in a sinking pit  
1861March30EspiesideCoatbridgeWilliam Baird & CoHugh KayDrawer13Falls of roof and coalFall of coal  
1861April1PortlandKilmarnockPortland Iron CoWilliam KennedyBottomer42In shaftsFall of materials in the shaft  
1861April15AbercornPaisleyMerry & CunninghamRobert RichardsonCollier21Falls of roof and coalFall of roof  
1861April16Bartonholm No 2KilwinningWilliam Baird & CoSamuel CarrDrawer14Falls of roof and coalFall of roof  
1861April17BraeheadBailliestonCharles Tennant & CoRobert ClarksonDrawer12Above groundHis cravat got entangled with the spindle of a screwing machine and caused strangulation

From Main body of report: Occasioned by the deceased's cravat getting entangled with the revolving shaft of a small screwing machine, and causing strangulation.

The deceased was the son of the foreman of blacksmiths at the colliery, and he had been employed about the works, assisting in the smiths' shop and otherwise, for nearly 12 months. On the day of the accident he had been engaged screwing nuts at a small screwing machine, near to the workshops, driven by hand. There was no person close by him at the time the accident happened ; but it was evident from the state in which he was afterwards found that it had been occasioned by his cravat getting entangled with the spindle when it was revolving, and being wound round it, he had got stupefied or strangled before the impetus of the fly wheel could be controlled.
The machine is exceedingly simple in construction, easily worked, and entirely under the control of the person engaged at it.
1861April19Old Monkland area      Thomas Corkran         Death not listed in Inspectors report Newspaper report - Old Monkland pages NB Newspaper gives name as Cockerall
1861April20TownhillDunfermlineAndrew ChristieWilliam BroggeinBottomer   In shaftsCrushed betwixt cage and bottom of pitNewspaper report
1861April22Comrie      Condie Leitch Chalmers         Death not listed in Inspectors reportNewspaper report
1861April27PalacecraigAirdrieWilliam Baird & CoOwen ButtleBrusher29Falls of roof and coalFall of roof  
1861April30Palace Craig No 2AirdrieWilliam Baird & CoJoseph PatersonFireman29Ironstone mines – miscellaneousSuffocated by going into a body of firedamp

From Main body of report: Though the waste connected with this pit is extensive, the workings are now limited and nearly exhausted.

The deceased was fireman, and it would appear that on the morning of the accident he had discovered firedamp in one of the working places; in company with the oversman he had afterwards endeavoured to dislodge it, and restore the ventilation so as to allow the miners to go to their work.

The current of ventilation at this particular place was conducted in part along the face of the ironstone and partly out the drawing road. The firedamp lay along the face of the ironstone. Finding they could proceed only a short distance with a safety lamp, they had rashly attempted to travel a few yards in the dark, thinking there might be some interruption, easily removed, which prevented the ventilation from making its usual circuit along the " Cundie" leading back from the wall face.

The presumption is, that the deceased in attempting to travel round the air-course, was suffocated by inhaling the irrespirable gases ; and his body was found six hours afterwards, a short distance from where he had abandoned the safety lamp. The oversman was taken out in a state, of unconsciousness, but afterwards recovered.
Newspaper Report -New Monkland pages
1861April30RanboggAirdrieD & J YoungJames NelsonCollier  In shaftsCrushed by cage at bottom of pit  
1861May6WoodhillKilmarnockMerry & CunninghamJames StewartCollier22Falls of roof and coalFall of roof  
1861May8Upper WellwoodMuirkirkWilliam Baird & CoGeorge LoggieCollier16Falls of roof and coalFall of coal  
1861May11GauchlandGalstonKinloch Gibb & CoWilliam StevenDrawer11Falls of roof and coalFall of coal  
1861May11StanriggAirdrieWilliam BlackMichael GallaghanCollier  Falls of roofFall of stone from roof at face of working  
1861May16GreenbankDalryMerry & CunninghamJohn RonaldsDrawer33Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of roof  
1861May16Palace Craig No 3AirdrieWilliam Baird & CoJames MilesMiner17Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of ironstone  
1861May25TownhillDunfermlineAndrew ChristieWilliam DowLabourer  Above groundComing into contact with crank of pumping engineNewspaper report
1861June6Kilbirnie No 29DalryMerry & CunninghamJohn DouglasMiner33Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of roof  
1861June10DrumbathieAirdrieJ & W BrownJoseph LochrinMiner  ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp

From Main body of report: June 10th, at Drumbathie, resulting in the death (about six weeks after the accident) of one person, who was working in the pit
1861June19WarrickhillDreghornMerry & CunninghamWilliam SpenceCollier45Falls of roof and coalFall of roof Newspaper report - Ayrshire pages
1861June22BargeddieBailliestonAnderson & YoungWilliam Grayroadsman35ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp

From Main body of report: I understand that the fireman on the morning of the accident had found the ventilation incomplete. Firedamp had accumulated in different parts of the working, and was not dislodged by the general ventilation.

The deceased and one of the miners named Kelly had commenced to "waff" out the firedamp which lay in one of these places ; and while in the act of doing so, either the firedamp which they were in the act of displacing, or gas which the fireman and a collier were clearing out in another part of the mine, a short distance back, came in contact with the deceased and Kelly's unprotected lights, which they had left at a supposed safe distance behind them.
According to the special rules of the colliery, it was the duty of the fireman to examine every working-place, before the workmen were allowed to enter; and "In case firedamp or other impure air shall be discovered in any working-place, road, or level, the fireman shall in the first instance clear the same of such impurity, if that can be done easily, and shall thereupon report to the colliers that the working-places are apparently safe ; but if the impurity cannot be readily or at once cleared out, the colliers shall not be permitted to enter any such working places, roads, or levels until the impure air shall have been by further appliances entirely dispelled," &c.
The pit or at least part of it, seems to have been in an unworkable state for want of ventilation and under the circumstances, it was clearly the duty of the fireman to prevent the workmen from entering it; but independent of this, it was reckless and absurd on his part to allow the deceased and a neighbouring workman to be engaged displacing firedamp in a "room" with their naked lights sitting behind them, while he and one of the colliers were forcing the firedamp from a working-place, a short distance back, right upon their unprotected lights.
The Procurator Fiscal charged the fireman with a contravention of the 21st special rule of the colliery; a sort of plea was raised, but which the court dealt with as a plea of guilty and after a suitable admonition a limited fine of 30s was imposed.
One of the owners of the colliery was next charged with a contravention of the first general rule of the statute 23 & 24 Vict. c. 151, in not providing an adequate amount of ventilation in the said pit on the occasion referred to; and after a protracted trial, Sheriff Logie, Airdrie, found the case proven, but limited the fine to £10. The agent for the defence lodged several objections, and the case has been appealed.
1861June23Lochgelly Iron WorksDunfermlineLochgelly Iron CoDuncan CampbellCollier  Falls of roofFall of coal Newspaper report - Fife pages
1861July9EglintonKilwinningArchibald KennethThomas MackayDrawer13Falls of roof and coalFall of roof 
1861July11Kinneil Iron WorksBo'nessWilliam Wilson & CoJames StonesCollier Falls of roofFall of coal from face of workings 
1861July16KelvinsideGlasgowMontgomery & FlemingAlexander AitkenMiner47MiscellaneousInundation from an adjoining waste

From Main body of report: This unfortunate occurrence was occasioned by an irruption of water from an abandoned waste, forming part of the same colliery (old Sheep-mount pit, abandoned for the last 12 years), and lying near to the going works.

The workings from the " upper doors" of the new Sheep-mount pit were principally confined to a dook west of the slip marked 27 feet down to west, and the only extension from the " lower doors" was the stone mine. Aitken, one of the deceased, and a man named Develin worked in the stone mine (situated about three fathoms below the "upper doors"). It appears that shortly before the accident they had been blasting, and on discovering that an excess of water was rushing through the openings and crevices in the rock at the face of the mine, they had abandoned their work, and were in the act of being raised by the engine, when, unfortunately, a "hutch," which had been standing near to the pit bottom, was driven by the force of the water between the cage and the side of the shaft, and for sometime prevented the cage being raised. Develin scrambled on to the cover of the cage, and kept himself above the water, and was rescued; but Aitken appears to have got jammed between the "hutch" and the cage, and. must have been drowned in a few moments after. The water rose rapidly in the shaft, closing up the entrance into the " upper doors".
At this time only four persons were engaged in the workings leading off at the " upper doors." They soon discovered their helpless situation, and after being inclosed 112 hours, three of them were safely rescued. It is uncertain whether the boy Fagan was drowned at the pit bottom, by the water closing in upon him unexpectedly, or that in attempting to reach it, he had got entangled with some projecting part of the mine, which cut off or retarded his retreat.
The workings from the old Sheep-mount pit were known to be standing full of water. In nearing this dangerous accumulation it does not appear that the underground manager took the usual and necessary precaution of surveying the mine to know its relative position to these works, or of causing boreholes to be made, as provided by the 15th general rule of the Mine Inspection Act, which, under the circumstances, he was bound to do.
The Procurator Fiscal charged the underground manager with culpable homicide in neglecting to adopt due precautions to prevent the flooding of the workings. The case was tried at the Glasgow Autumn Circuit Court, before the Lord Justice Clerk and a jury. After a lengthened trial the jury found the accused guilty as libelled ; but in respect of his good character, they strongly recommended him to the leniency of the Court.
In passing sentence, the Lord Justice Clerk said, " It was painful to him to have to deal with a charge of such a kind against a person who occupied the position of the manager of a coal work, and, above all, against one who previous to the unfortunate occurrence bore a very excellent character. Unfortunately, his duty left him no alternative but to pronounce such a sentence as would sufficiently mark the sense which the Court entertained of the offence. However, believing that the failure of the panel to do his duty was merely the result of thoughtlessness, and was not intentional; and that notwithstanding the apparently reckless manner in which the work was conducted, the panel believed it possible to carry it through without serious consequences. It was because he (his lordship) believed that, and because the sentence he would pronounce, without being severe, would operate as a warning to the panel at all times, and would show the public that the lives of persons in employment were not to be trifled with, that he would restrict the sentence to four months imprisonment."
NB Manager charged with culpable homicide was Alexander Laird, age 36, coal pit manager, address: Bellshaugh, Govan - source NAS catalogue Newspaper report
Henry FaganLabourer17
1861July17HopetonBathgateJames Russell & SonsAlex. StevensonEngine keeper Above groundComing into contact with gearing of pumping engine 
1861July19LumphinnansDunfermlineTrustees of Alex ChristieJames HunterCollier In shaftsFalling off cage whilst ascending shaft 
1861July25NewbattleDalkeithMarquis of LothianJames RobertsonCollier Falls of roofFall of coal from face of working 
1861August1StevensonStevensonMerry & CunninghamRobert WilsonPitheadman23In shaftsFell down the shaft when foolishly attempting to cross it on a plank 
1861August3EnterkineAyrJ T GordonJohn StewartPitheadman23Above groundGetting entangled with the pumping crank of an engine 
1861August7DykeheadHamiltonWilsons & CoMcLeod Neilson (actually Glaude NeilsonCollier MiscellaneousWoodwork of pit taking fire which deranged the ventilation

From Main body of report: At Dykehead near Hamilton, on 7th August; this accident, which resulted in the deaths of 13 persons, was caused by the brattice, woodwork, and framing of the shaft taking fire by coming in contact with a spark, it is supposed, from the ventilating furnace; there were 50 men and boys in the pit at the time this accident occurred, of whom 37 were got out alive, 12 were suffocated, and one died a few days after.
Newspaper report - Dykehead 1861 page
Neil ThomsonCollier 
McLethie BaxterCollier 
John PotterCollier 
David HamiltonCollier 
Alex. HamiltonCollier 
Thomas CurrieCollier 
Thomas MillerCollier 
John CraigCollier 
Hugh CraigCollier 
Thomas PotterCollier 
David MaxwellCollier 
Francis CasseyCollier 
1861August8DrummillanDennyWilliam Baird & CoGeorge McCaullyMiner18Ironstone mines – miscellaneousInundation from an old waste

From Main body of report: The old workings to the "rise" of this pit had been proved in part by an adjoining working; they were found dry ; it was known however that a small portion of the waste, connected with these old works lay to the "dip" of this. There were no plans of the old waste, but the situation of the pit, the range of level course from it, and other details, could have been obtained, near enough for all practical purposes.

The accident was occasioned by one of the walls being driven through upon the old workings at the extreme dip, and where a quantity of water had lodged.
1861August9PolkemmetBathgateShotts Iron CoAlexander BellCollier Falls of roofFall of roof 
1861August19HurlfordKilmarnockAllan Gilmour & CoAllan SymeCollier32Falls of roof and coalFall of roof 
1861August22ReddingFalkirkJames Russell & CoW McKenzieCollier Falls of roofFall of stone Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1861August23PossilGlasgowWilsons & CoJohn CraigMiner23Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFall of ironstone 
1861August23TowerlandsIrvineJohn WattAndrew Strachan----14Falls of roof and coalFall of roof 
1861August24Possil      Alexander Bunton         Death not listed in Inspectors report  Newspaper report
1861August24AlloaAlloaAlloa Coal CoAndrew HunterCollier Falls of roofFall of stone at working Newspaper report - Clackmannan pages
1861August27TitwoodPollokshawsSir John MaxwellJohn CummingCollier45In shaftsWalked into the shaft unknowingly from the surface

From Main body of report: The deceased was a collier, and on the day of the accident I understand that he had gone to his work at the usual hour; but after remaining below for a short time he had requested to be taken up, and on leaving the cage at the surface in the usual way, instead of going from the pit, he had unknowingly turned and walked in to the contrary side, from which he was drawn up, and fell to the bottom.

Moveable fences, worked by the cages, are now being slowly introduced ; I have frequently drawn attention to them; they are simple and inexpensive, and well adapted to prevent shaft accidents of a similar description.
1861August27WestmuirGlasgowRobt. Gray & CoCharles Findlay----15Above groundGot crushed by the beam of the pumping engine 
1861September3Coltness Iron WorksWishawColtness Iron CoJames KennedyCollier Falls of roofFall of coal 
1861September7FordellDunfermlineJ W & M HendersonJoseph SnaddenCollier Falls of roofFall of coalNewspaper report - Fife pages
1861September17GartgillCoatbridgeWilliam Baird & CoRobert HenanCollier46Falls of roof and coalFall of coal 
1861September26GartsherrieCoatbridgeWilliam Baird & CoJames McGafferyCollier40ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp

From Main body of report: The sufferer in this case had on the day of the accident left his own working place and gone into a neighbouring workman's room. I understand that he remained there for a short time, eating his bread, and on returning went unknowingly into an intervening place, not in actual course of working and extension and there ignited a quantity of firedamp which had collected in it.

It does not appear that the working part of this colliery were badly ventilated, but it was known to those entrusted with the management that the place not in actual course of extension, and where the accident happened, contained-firedamp.

It was stated that the oversman had placed, on edge, a board across the pavement of the place to prevent any person from going into it ; such a precaution might in many cases have had the desired effect; but the result shows it was no fence, and if a proper fence had been constructed, say of two wooden rails, placed securely across the entrance, at eighteen inches and three feet from the pavement, it is reasonable to suppose that this unfortunate occurrence would have been prevented.
1861October1BraeheadBailliestonCharles Tennant & CoJohn McEmanBrusher Falls of roofFall of stone 
1861October11Railway line at Ayr colliery      Mary Cullibert         Death not listed in Inspectors report  Newspaper report - Ayrshire pages
1861October17BonnytonKilmarnockMerry & CunninghamWilliam LindsayCollier45Falls of roof and coalFall of roof 
1861October17GovanGlasgowWilliam S DixonThomas DickCollier33Falls of roof and coalFall of roof 
1861October28AlloaAlloaAlloa Coal CoJoseph PattersonCollier Falls of roofFall of coal at face of workings Newspaper report - Clackmannan pages
1861October31FaskineAirdrieWilliam Baird & CoJohn McIlvaneBottomer46Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFell from a mid-working

From Main body of report: There are two seams of ironstone in this pit, the upper at 12 fathoms from the surface, and the lower at 40 fathoms. The deceased was bottomer in the upper seam, and it was his duty to put the hutches upon the cage, and to make the necessary signals. On the day of the accident, the bottomer had placed a loaded hutch on the cage and made the necessary signals for having it drawn up; when shortly after, he pushed forward another full hutch without taking the precaution to know whether the cage had been returned, and fell with it to the bottom of the shaft.
1861October31ReddingFalkirkJames Russell & CoGilbert Stewartroadsman Falls of roofFall of stone from roof Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages
1861November2DysartDysartEarl of RosslynJames PatonPitheadman In shaftsFalling down pit from surfaceNewspaper report
1861 November 9 No. 4 Pit Grange     Andrew Taylor       Death not listed in Inspectors report  Newspaper report - Lothian pages
1861November12DrummoreMusselburghJohn DeansAlex. LevensonCollier Falls of roofFall of roofNewspaper report - Lothian pages
1861November12TodhillDalryWilliam Baird & CoWilliam SharpeDrawer46Ironstone mines – falls of ironstone and roofFell from a mid-working

From Main body of report: In consequence of a dislocation near to the bottom of the pit there are two loading places, the upper being 5 1/2 fathoms above the other.

The deceased was a drawer, and as the works were near to the pit bottom, and merely preparatory, he drew from both mines. On the day of the accident he had gone in to the high mine to clear away the stuff which had accumulated in his absence; it was only a few yards off' the shaft, and it would appear that during the time he had been engaged filling his hutch, the cage had been lowered back to the bottom. On returning with the loaded hutch to the cage, he had not taken the precaution to observe whether it still remained at that level, and pushing forward, he fell with it to the bottom.
Where seams are worked in a shaft at different levels, and where it is sometimes difficult to regulate the quantity from each, it may be convenient to keep the ropes winding both from the bottom. The practice however, is always attended with a certain amount of danger; and in cases where it cannot be avoided, the suggestions referred to in accident No. 35 (December 12, Craigie, Ayr ) might be advantageously practised.
1861November17BraeheadBailliestonCharles Tennant & CoJohn LyleCollier Falls of roofFall of roofAccording to Newsaer reort,death occurred 7 Oct 1861 Newspaper report - Old Monkland pages
1861 November 19 No, 11 Pit, Drumpeller Colliery     Matthew Somerville       Death not listed in Inspectors report  Newspaper report - Old Monkland pages See article listed under 13 September 1859
1861November29StonelawRutherglenJohn R ReidJames McJonesCollier61Falls of roof and coalFall of coal 
1861December4Carnbroe Iron WorksCoatbridgeMerry & CunninghamJohn RobertsonCollier Falls of roofFall of roof Newspaper report - Old Monkland pages
1861December5East ThorntonKilmarnockArchibald FinnieDaniel FrewFireman24ExplosionsExplosion of fire damp

From Main body of report: The deceased was a fireman ; it does not appear that he had on any occasion neglected to examine the mines in the morning before the workmen were allowed to enter to their work; but on the day of the accident, and during the working hours, he had gone into a heading not in actual course of extension at the time, and known to contain a small quantity of fire-damp, with his naked light, and caused a slight explosion, by which he was burned, and died from the effects of it a few days after.
1861December5Heathery KnoweBailliestonBlochairn Iron CoJohn WallerSinker40In shaftsA stone fell from the side of the shaft Newspaper report - Old Monkland pages
1861December9Campsie MineLennoxtownHurlet & Campsie Alum CoWilliam GallacherCollier44Falls of roof and coalFall of coal 
1861December12CraigieAyrRobert BrownGeorge DunlopCollier60In shaftsBy a hutch falling down the shaft from an upper working

From Main body of report: There are two seams of coal at present being worked in this pit. The first at 15 fathoms from the surface, and the second at 51 fathoms. The cages work both to the pit-bottom, and when coals require to be put on at the upper seam a signal is made to the surface, and the cage is rested on "folding boards" constructed for that purpose.

I understand that, on the day of the accident a drawer, who was engaged to put on the coal at the upper level, had been taking a full hutch towards the shaft, when he either pushed it too far or otherwise allowed it to run into the shaft, where the deceased and three workmen were being drawn up from the lower level on the cage.
There was a check-gate and trap-door near to the shaft at this mid-working, and placed on the road along which the full hutches required to be drawn. If these had been kept shut it is difficult to understand how such an accident could have happened. Mid-workings, however, are always attended with a certain amount of such risk, and the only way to get rid of it is to set apart so much time during each day for drawing the coals from mid-workings, taking care that a grated moveable scaffold is placed over the pit at the time, close enough to prevent any person from falling through it; or to fix a scaffold at the required level, and provide a rope for the sole use of the workmen there engaged.
NB Thomas Fitzpatrick, married, age 22, drawer, address Wallace Street or Kilmarnock Street, Wallacetown, St Quivox was charged with culpable homicide, and culpable violation, or neglect of duty in connection with this accident - source NAS catalogue
1861December24GrangeBo'nessHenry CadellWilliam KindredWorkman MiscellaneousStruck by racket wheel of windlass

From Main body of report: On 24th December, at Grange, Bo'ness, where a man was struck by the crank-wheel of windlass
1861December27Bartonholm No 3KilwinningWilliam Baird & CoCharles GeorgeCollier60Falls of roof and coalFall of roof 
1861December31Coltness Iron WorksMotherwellColtness Iron CoPatrick O'DonnellCollier Falls of roofFall of coal from face of workingNewspaper Report

Last Updated 17th June 2012