|Year||Month||Day||Name of Colliery||Where situated||Owners name||Person(s) killed||Occupation||Age if given||Category of Accident||Cause of death||Extra Details|
|1863||January||10||Govan No 2 Pit||Glasgow||W D Dixon||William Mannel||Brusher||36||Miscellaneous||Explosion of gunpowder|
|1863||January||13||No 3 Chapelhall||Airdrie||Monkland Iron Co||James Torrance||Brusher||20||Falls of roof||The Virtue Well coal roof which he was brushing fell upon him||Newspaper report|
|1863||January||13||No. 4, Dounieston||Adam Reid||Not listed||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report - Ayrshire pages|
|1863||January||21||Clackmannan||Clackmannan||Clackmannan Coal Co||John Allan||Collier||33||Falls of roof||Neglected to prop up roof at face||Newspaper report - Clackmannan pages|
|1863||January||22||No 3 Cleland||Holytown||W S Dixon||John Yuile||Contractor||27||Falls of roof||A piece of Pyotshaw coal 20' by 15' by 3' fell upon him as he was taking out the props which kept it up||Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages|
|1863||January||29||Chapel Colliery||Wishaw||William Aitken||Jas McLean||Collier||18||Falls of roof||Fall of top coal at face||Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages|
|1863||January||30||Oakley||Dunfermline||Forth Iron Co||John McLay||Fireman||--||Ironstone mines miscellaneous||Suffocated by choke damp while going round workings|
|1863||January||31||East Drumoyne||John Crawford||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report|
|1863||February||7||George Pit, Fordell||Dunfermline||G W M Henderson||Joan Muir||Pit-head woman||50||In shafts||Ran an empty tub into the pit and fell after it. Recommended sliding gates||Newspaper report - Fife pages|
|1863||February||10||Balgrayhill||Lanarkshire||John||McCartney||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report|
|1863||February||11||Pather||Wishaw||Boyd & Spencer||Thos Straton||Collier||--||Falls of roof||Fall of stones from roof at face||Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages|
|1863||February||12||Bredisholm||Baillieston||Provanhall Coal Co||Archd Young||Collier||31||Falls of roof||A piece of Pyotshaw coal 24' by 22' by 4 which he was preparing to take down fell upon him|
|1863||February||12||Nitshill||Hurlet||G & T Coates||Michael Docherty||Collier||63||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal|
|1863||February||16||Woodhill No 5||Kilmarnock||Merry & Cunningham||William McHarq||assistant pitheadman||62||In shafts||Fell down the shaft when pushing a hutch in to the wrong side|
From Main body of report: The pit was protected on one side by a moveable guard. The deceased was pit-headman, and in a state of absence unknowingly pushed an empty hutch into the wrong side of the shaft, and fell to the bottom with it.
If a simple guard had been placed upon the open side of the shaft, similar to what was placed upon the other, which would probably have cost 5s., this unfortunate occurrence would have been prevented.
|1863||February||18||Enterkine||Ayr||J T Gordon||Hamilton McGill||Engineman||23||Above ground||By getting entangled with the fly wheel when putting the winding machinery into gear|
From Main body of report: The machinery at this pit is of the usual description, and it is fitted up so that it can be used either to pump water or to wind coals.
It would appear that on the night of the accident there was a shift of workmen employed in the pit. A signal had been made from below to put the winding machinery into gear. The deceased had gone direct to the gearing, which is outside of the engine-house, for the purpose of shifting the drum shaft into gear, and while in the act of doing so he had leaned upon one of the arms of the fly-wheel which set it in motion, and the steam not being shut off, the engine immediately got into action. In consequence of the sudden movement of the fly-wheel, the deceased must either have lost his balance, and fallen into the recess where the fly-wheel works in, or got entangled with the fly-wheel, and been dragged round with it.
A person who was in the engine-house at the time observed the accident, and very properly rushed to the handle of the engine and stopped it, but before this could be done the deceased was dragged right round the fly-wheel pit, a narrow contracted opening, and jammed between the fly-wheel and the side of the engine-house.
In this case there must have been some overlook on the part of the engine man, in not thoroughly shutting off the steam before leaving the engine ; but it is proper to observe that there had also been some overlook on the part of those intrusted with the management. According to the 14th general rule, it is provided that "the fly-wheel of every engine shall be securely fenced." And if such a fence had been constructed around the fly-wheel in question, in all probability this distressing occurrence would not have taken place.
|1863||February||19||Quarry Pit, Calder||Coatbridge||W S Dixon||Thomas Walker||Pony driver||15||Ironstone mines in shafts||Fell out of the cage, apparently when attempting to step off it, at a mid-working|
From Main body of report: There was some mystery about how this accident happened. The deceased, who was a pony driver, was descending to his work on the morning of the accident, in company with another lad, Scobbie, also engaged driving a pony underground.
They had got properly on to the cage at the pitmouth, and were being lowered in the usual way, but when passing a "mid working" it is supposed that the deceased had either stumbled or mistaken it for the bottom, and in attempting to step off the cage fell past it and to the bottom of the shaft.
What was most singular, Scobbie, the boy who accompanied the deceased, never saw him after leaving the surface, although they were both observed passing a mid working, and did not discover that an accident had taken place till the cage was lowered upon his companion at the pit bottom.
|1863||February||21||Barbauchlaw||Bathgate||Monkland Steel Co||Robert Livingstone||Miner||--||Ironstone mines in shafts||A hutch fell out of an upper seam upon him while he was ascending the pit. Gates put on|
|1863||February||24||Shaws||Hamilton||Robt G Cooper||Andw. Brown||Oversman||--||Falls of roof||Fall of roof at face while he was examining it||Newspaper report - Dalserf pages (actually 11 February 1863)|
|1863||February||26||Robroyston No 2||Bishopbriggs||Colin Dunlop & Co||Thomas Kean||Sinker||45||Ironstone mines in shafts||Fell out of the barrel and to the bottom of the shaft a distance of 8 fathoms|
From Main body of report: There were three persons on the "kettle" at the time the accident happened. It was in the act of being lowered, and had reached to within eight fathoms of the bottom. Nothing unusual had taken place, such as the kettle being driven against the walls of the shaft or otherwise ; and the only way in which those who accompanied him could account for it, was to suppose that he had lost his hold of the chains during some momentary fit of sickness.
|1863||March||2||Redding||Mary Bain||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report|
|1863||March||3||Kersland Ironstone Pit||Dalry||Thomas Mitchell||Death not listed
in Inspectors report|
Injury to spine. Injuries recieved by a quantity of rubbish falling on him from the roof of his working place in No2 mine Kersland Ironstone Pit on 19th January 1863
|With thanks to Ann Brunt for this information|
|1863||March||4||Gauchland||Galston||Gauchland Coal Co||Alexander Kerr||Collier||24||In shafts||By a small bolt falling from the pit mouth upon the deceased when crossing the shaft|
From Main body of report: There is always a certain amount of risk in crossing a shaft, from the falling of loose stones, coals, &c., or, as in this case, from things falling from the surface at the pit-mouth, and when persons employed underground have occasion to go from one side of a shaft to another, the proper way is to pass by a roadway or opening formed round the end of the shaft for that purpose.
In this case there was an opening around the end of the shaft, though not very complete ; but underground workmen, and " bottomers" in particular, persons specially appointed to see that the shaft arrangements are carried out, very often cross the shaft in preference to going a few feet round about. The system is absurd, and the present case is a forcible illustration.
|1863||March||5||No 1 Morningside||Wishaw||Shotts Iron Co||Jas Watson||Collier||24||Falls of roof||A piece of roofstone 9' x 4' x18' at face, in Virtue Well seam (Longwall) fell upon him||Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages|
|1863||March||11||Dysart||Dysart||Lord Rosslyn||Peter Adamson||Collier||12||Falls of roof||Fall of top coal 5' x15' x 15' while the boy was passing under it with his tub|
|1863||March||13||Drummellier||Denny||William Baird & Co||David Gillespie||Boy||15||Ironstone mines falls of ironstone and roof||Fall of roof while engaged holing||Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages|
|1863||March||13||Gauchland||Galston||Gauchland Coal Co||Duncan Ramage||Collier||19||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of roof at the face|
|1863||March||16||Lawhill||Lanarkshire||NK||Robert Russell||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Many thanks to John Graham for supplying these details Newspaper report - Cambusnethan pages|
|1863||March||26||Dixton No 19||Cumnock||William Baird & Co||James Donally||Drawer||27||Ironstone mines falls of ironstone and roof||Fall of roof in a drawing road||Newspaper report - Ayrshire pages|
|1863||April||4||No 5 Polkemmet||Bathgate||Shotts Iron Co||Hugh Allan||Miner||--||Ironstone mines falls of roof||Fall of roof at face||Newspaper report|
|1863||April||7||Kinneil||Bo'ness||George Wilson & Co||William Brown||Miner||--||Ironstone mines falls of roof||Fall of roof at face||Newspaper report - Lothians pages|
|1863||April||10||Hurlford||Hurlford||John Howie||James Wallace||Collier||29||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal at the face||Newspaper report - Ayrshire pages|
|1863||April||13||No 3 Lassodie||Fife||John Addison||Not listed||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report - Beath pages|
|1863||April||14||Ayr, Sheep Park pit||Ayr||J T Gordon||Edward McEwen||Collier||35||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of roof|
|1863||April||22||Drumbathie||Airdrie||Drumbathie Coal Co||-----||Pit-head man||50||In shafts||Ran a tub into a pit 30 feet deep and was killed by falling down after it||Newspaper report - New Monkland pages|
|1863||May||2||Galston||Galston||John Horne||Edward McGhee||Collier||23||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal|
|1863||May||6||Polkemmet||Bathgate||Monkland Steel Co||Pat Ryder||Sinker||--||Ironstone mines in shafts||The kettle catched on buntons while ascending in a sinking pit, and he was pitched out, and fell to the pit bottom|
|1863||May||8||Lochgelly||Lochgelly||Lochgelly Iron Co||Robert Beveridge||Drawer||14||Falls of roof||A piece of top coal in the Splint-and-Parrot seam fell upon deceased as he was passing under|
|1863||May||19||Bredisholm||Baillieston||John Young||Thomas Flinn||Boy||13||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of roof|
|1863||May||25||Walliford||Musselburgh||C & A Christie||Willm Howie||Collier||34||Falls of roof||A piece of top coal in Great Seam worked by stoop and room fell upon him as he was taking it down|
|1863||May||30||Greystone-lea||Wishaw||Shotts Iron Co||M Canobie||Fireman||--||Above ground||A plug was driven into the end of a steam-pipe to prevent the steam which was escaping through a leaky valve, blowing into a cistern he was cleaning. The pressure blew the plug out and he was burnt by the steam and water that followed. Died this day.|
|1863||June||2||Armsheugh No 1||Irvine||Merry & Cunningham||Daniel Symm||Collier||33||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal and roof|
|1863||June||3||Binniehill||Slammanan||A C Brown||John Shaw||Drawer||14||In shafts||Fell from Lady Grange seam to splint seam, a distance of 27 fathoms. Bottomers put on since|
|1863||June||9||Struthers||Kilmarnock||John Gilmour & Co||John Easton||Dep. Foreman||35||Explosions||Explosion of fire damp|
From Main body of report: The workings in this pit, on account of troubles, were limited, and of an exploratory kind.
The accident took place in an abandoned part of the mine. No person had occasion to travel in it; and it was well known to the fireman that it contained fire-damp.
The deceased was acting as deputy overman, as least he was engaged attending to the details of management.
It would appear that on the day of the accident he and the regular fireman had gone in to the abandoned part of the mine above indicated, and, according to the fireman's explanation, for the purpose of taking out a part of the "brattice," employed in this case to direct the current of air to the face of the place known to contain firedamp; and while they were thus engaged the gas was ignited at one of their unprotected lights. They were both burned, and the deceased died from the effects of it.
|1863||June||16||Barbauchlaw||Bathgate||Monkland Steel Co||William Strang||Miner||--||Ironstone mines falls of roof||Fall of coal and stone|
|1863||June||16||Briggend, Elderslie||Johnstone||W S Dixon||John Provan||Miner||35||Ironstone mines in shafts||Was struck upon a scaffold by a stone while engaged stripping the shaft|
|1863||June||19||Shotts Iron Works||Motherwell||Shotts Iron Co||Williamson Barton||Drawer||16||Ironstone mines falls of roof||Piece of stone fell on him while passing with his loaded hutch. He died on 16th July|
|1863||June||25||Armsheugh No 1||Irvine||Merry & Cunningham||Patrick Madden||Boy||16||In shafts||By the cage being raised while he was putting a hutch upon it|
From Main body of report: According to the special rules of this colliery, there is a person stationed at the pit-bottom, whose duty it is to see the hutches with the loads placed safely upon the cages, and to give the necessary signals to the engineman, when men or materials require to be raised.
The deceased had on the day of the accident pushed forward his hutch in the usual way, for the purpose of placing it on the cage, when a boy, who worked on the opposite side, also pushed forward his hutch for the same purpose, and the two hutches met together on the cage ; of course neither of them getting properly on it.
I understand that the bottomer, who was usually stationed at the opposite side from the deceased, went to assist him to place his hutch properly upon the cage. Unfortunately, the poor lad, in his anxiety to get the hutch properly into its place, went upon the cage, which was suddenly lifted, and he, getting entangled with it and the sides of the shaft, received such injuries as proved fatal immediately afterwards.
There are defined signals by which the engineman is guided in his movements, and the persons employed underground trust implicitly to these signals.
In the present case the cage had been lifted through the culpable neglect of the engineman in failing to observe these important precautions. He was charged by the Procurator Fiscal of Ayr with culpable homicide. The case was brought before the sheriff substitute of Ayr and a jury. They found the charge proven, and he was sentenced to one month's imprisonment.
|1863||June||26||Cambusnethan||Wishaw||D & J Sneddon||Sam. McCutcheon||Collier||22||Falls of roof||Killed while knocking out props to let down the falling under the Pyotshaw coal|
|1863||June||29||Cowdenbeath||Dunfermline||Forth Iron Co||Robert Watson||Collier||55||Falls of roof||A piece of top coal 4 ½' x15' x 15' which he was trying to take down fell upon him|
|1863||June||30||Gartshore No 1||Kilsyth||W Baird & Co||James Carrol||Inclineman||17||Ironstone mines miscellaneous||Was jammed between the empty and full load|
|1863||July||6||Arniston||Dalkeith||John Christie||----- Black||Roadsman||--||Falls of roof||He was gearing a road when a large stone fell upon him|
|1863||July||9||Govan No 4||Glasgow||W S Dixon||Bernard Boyce||Brusher||60||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of stones at the face|
|1863||July||11||Woodside||Hamilton||Jas Smith & Son||Thos. Melvin||Drawer||45||In shafts||He fell down to a lower seam. The scaffold had been removed unknown to him during the previous night and had not been replaced by the oversman|
|1863||July||13||Braehead||Baillieston||Chas Tennant & Co||H McRory||Collier||--||In shafts||
Overwinding. These men went into the cage to ascend, but the bell-rope
broke, after striking one, which was the signal for "coals on," and the
engineman, not knowing men were on, went faster than usual, until with
the light load he was unable to stop the engine in time to prevent the
From Main body of report: Mrs. Nochar, mother to William Nochar, who was killed on 13th July 1863, by over-winding at Braehead Colliery, sued Messrs. Charles Tennant & Co., the proprietors, for damages in name of reparation and solatium, for the loss, sustained by her on account of the death of her son. Sheriff Henry Glassford Bell, of Glasgow, the judge, in his award "Finds that the pursuer is a widow, of 56 years of age, and the deceased, who was 20 at the time of his death, resided with, and contributed to, his mother's support; the wages he was earning, and which he shared with the pursuer, being about 20s. a week : finds said pursuer entitled to reparation both for loss and in name of solatium, and assesses the same at the sum of £80 sterling, for which decerns against the defenders : Finds them also liable in expenses, allows an account thereof to be given in, and remits the same to the auditor of the court, to tax and report." (Please note this is from 1865 report)
|1863||July||13||Curriemire No 2||Kilsyth||W Baird & Co||William Walker||Boy||11||Ironstone mines explosions||Explosion of fire damp|
|1863||July||25||Inglestone Mine||Denny||W Baird & Co||Archibald Neil||Oversman||53||Ironstone mines explosions||Explosion of fire damp|
From Main body of report: The deceased, Robert Neil [sic], took the responsible charge of the mine and it was his practice to examine the works in the morning before the workmen were allowed to enter to their working places. He was alone when the explosion took place. But it is supposed that he had taken it for granted that a certain district of the working would be free of fire-damp, and in making his examination of it had not taken the precaution to use his safety lamp.
Neil was an experienced workman. Unfortunately the mistake made by him is too common among underground firemen. They, perhaps, from experience, find that a certain district of a mine is generally free of fire-damp, and trusting to it think it unnecessary to use a safety lamp till within a reasonable distance of where fire-damp is known or may be anticipated; forgetful that some temporary derangement, it may be at a main trap door or aircourse, may render a district of the mine dangerous which under ordinary circumstances would have been quite safe.
The proper way to examine a mine in the morning is to assume that danger may exist in any part of it, and on no account to introduce an unprotected light till after every accessible and working place has been carefully examined.
|1863||August||9||Wemyss||Kirkcaldy||J E Wemyss MP||P Matthieson||Roadsman||55||In shafts||Squeezed by cage in pit. Want of proper signals||Newspaper report - Fife pages|
|1863||August||12||Struthers||Kilmarnock||John Gilmour & Co||Andrew Buntin, sen||Bottomer||50||In shafts||By falling from a mid-working to the bottom of the shaft|
From Main body of report: In this pit there were two seams being worked; the "upper," at 46 fathoms, and the "lower," at 62 fathoms.
The deceased was bottomer at the upper seam, where he had been employed for a few weeks, and previous to that he had been stationed at the pit-bottom or lower seam.
There was no person near when the accident happened; but a drawer who was approaching the pit-bottom with a loaded hutch heard a noise as of some one falling down the shaft, and saw the glare of a light.
From the fact of the deceased's flask being found close to the side of the pit without the stopper, it is supposed that at the time of the accident he had been in the act of collecting water from the side of the shaft in to his flask, and in doing this he had either overbalanced or otherwise missed his footing, and fell down the shaft a distance of 16 fathoms.
|1863||August||12||Westcommon||Glasgow||Wilson & Co||Alex Bryson||Foreman engineer||36||Ironstone mines above ground||Got entangled with the machinery while taking measurements of some of the working parts|
From Main body of report: The deceased was a foreman mechanical engineer, and at the time of the accident he was engaged making measurements of part of the machinery for the purpose of introducing some new fittings. The engine, which had been stopped to enable him to make the measurements, was started as soon as they were made, and it appears that he had gone out of the way to a safe distance to jot the necessary markings, &c., but on returning it is supposed to make a check measurement he had either missed his footing, or got entangled with part of the revolving machinery, and received such injuries as shortly after proved fatal.
|1863||August||12||Westmuir||Glasgow||Robert Gray & Co||Archibald Burns||Collier||46||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal|
|1863||August||13||Sunnyside||Wishaw||Archibald Russell||John Allan||Collier||30||Falls of roof||Fall of roof while taking out pillars|
|1863||August||16||Wemyss Colliery||Fife||George Haye||Not listed||Death not listed in Inspectors report- Natural causes||Newspaper report - Fife pages|
|1863||August||19||Eglinton No 9||Kilwinning||Archd Kenneth||James Blane||Collier||50||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal and roof|
|1863||August||26||Bartonholm No 3||Kilwinning||Eglinton Iron Co||John Blue||Drawer||13||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of roof|
|1863||August||28||Cuttlehill||Dunfermline||Henderson & Wallace||Alex Penman||Collier||19||Falls of roof||Fall of roof. A piece of stone fell out between 2 lipes||Newspaper report - Fife pages|
|1863||September||1||Abercorn No 5||Johnstone||Merry & Cunningham||William Broadby||Miner||33||Ironstone mines falls of ironstone and roof||Fall of ironstone at face|
|1863||September||1||Craigston No 1||Cumnock||W Baird & Co||Robert Neil||Miner||22||Ironstone mines falls of ironstone and roof||Fall of roof at the face|
|1863||September||1||Dalharco No 1||Dalmellington||Dalmellington Iron Co||Alex Bell||Collier||55||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal|
|1863||September||2||Ayr, Sheep Park pit||Ayr||J T Gordon||Hugh Tannock||Drawer||20||Explosions||Explosion of fire damp|
From Main body of report: In this case it is supposed that the accident happened at a point leading into a working place, but which had been abandoned for two or three weeks previous to the accident. It was known that a limited quantity of fire-damp sometimes lay in a high part of the roof there. Tannock, one of the deceased, had been observed going in toward this place, when shortly after the explosion happened.
According to the second general rule of the statute, it is provided that "All entrances to any place not in actual course of working and extension, and suspected to contain dangerous gas of any kind, shall be properly fenced off so as to prevent access thereto."
The Procurator Fiscal has instituted proceedings against the managers of the colliery, but up to this time no decision has been given.
|1863||September||7||Hawhill No 3||Baillieston||James McKenzie||Charles O'Neil||Labourer||30||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of roof|
|1863||September||8||Gartshore No 1||Kilsyth||W Baird & Co||William Thompson||Engineman||22||Ironstone mines above ground||Got entangled with the machinery when oiling it|
From Main body of report: The mechanical arrangements at this mine are of the usual description. There are two steam engines; one is used for pumping water, and the other for winding purposes.
The deceased was one of the enginemen. It appears that at the time of the accident he was about to leave off his shift ; and, according, to the information of the fireman he observed him put the pumping engine in motion, and take up the, oil "pourie," apparently with the view of oiling some part of the machinery, when a few minutes after he heard a cry, and on going to the pumping engine, which had suddenly stopped, he found the deceased lying jammed partly between the "wheel" and the "pinion," fearfully mangled.
Judging from the position in which the body was found, drawn in between the wheel and pinion, it appeared to me that while in the act of oiling the shafting of the pumping engine he had slipped or missed his footing, and in coming in contact with the revolving wheel had by it been drawn into the face of the pinion as above described.
The present case is a very fair illustration of how such accidents are produced. The machinery a few moments before the accident happened was standing. It appears the deceased had considered that it required to be oiled, but before performing this simple operation he put it in motion, without apparently thinking of the increased risks to which he was exposing himself by doing so.
|1863||September||9||Dysart||Dysart||Lord Rosslyn||Jas Cunninghame||Collier||66||Falls of roof||This old man went in below some top coal he was trying to take down and it fell upon him|
|1863||September||11||Balquhatstone||Slammanan||John Watson jun||Alex Gairdner||Collier||29||Falls of roof||A piece of the sandstone roof of the Cox-rod coal fell upon him at his wall face|
|1863||September||28||Bredisholm||Baillieston||Provanhall Coal Co||P Gallochar||Collier||14||Falls of roof||A piece of Pyotshaw which the men had just left off working fell upon him as he was passing under|
|1863||September||30||Kennetpans||Isaac||Not listed||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report - Clackmannan pages NB No death certificate can be located for this name|
|1863||October||10||Vogrie||William Duncan||Not listed||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report - Lothians pages|
|1863||October||15||Drumpeller No 9||Coatbridge||Trustees of the late John Wilson||Patrick Mooney||Pony driver||15||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of stones at the face|
|1863||October||15||No 2 Linwood ironstone pit||William Anderson||Not listed||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages|
|1863||October||21||Kersland No 2||Dalry||W Baird & Co||John Walsh||Miner||20||Ironstone mines falls of ironstone and roof||Fall of ironstone while holing under it|
|1863||November||3||Corsel||Kilwinning||Eglinton Iron Co||Thomas Bingham||Collier||31||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of roof|
|1863||November||3||Dalkeith||Dalkeith||Duke of Buccleuch||Robert Watson||Drawer||13||Falls of roof||A piece of coal in the Beefie seam came over on this boy by the negligence of his uncle who was working with him|
|1863||November||4||Hurlford No 12||Hurlford||Allan, Gilmour & Co||Robert Rowley||Roadsman||26||In shafts||Fell down the shaft while assisting to change a cage|
|1863||November||4||Woodhall||Airdrie||Merry & Cunningham||M Easton||Collier||20||Falls of roof||Killed by a stone falling on him after he had knocked out the prop which kept it up|
|1863||November||5||Morningside||Wishaw||Shotts Iron Co||L Hawthorne||Drawer||13||Falls of roof||A piece of coal in Virtue Well seam fell over upon him at the face|
|1863||November||12||Palace Craig No 6||Airdrie||William Baird & Co||James Condie||Collier||20||Explosions||Explosion of fire damp|
From Main body of report: The deceased worked in a "wall" adjoining to one where a small quantity of fire-damp lay in a high part of the roof. The place had been stopped on account of the fire-damp for two days, and the necessary precautions were taken to prevent any person from entering it. It appears that he had been engaged in his place on the day of the accident for at least seven hours, but had afterwards, for some purpose, gone into the adjoining wall with his naked light, and ignited the fire-damp which lay there. He was burned, it was supposed not seriously, but died from the effects of it a few days after.
|1863||November||12||Pather||Wishaw||Boyd & Spencer||A Russell||Collier||23||Falls of roof||Roof fell upon him while taking out coal stoops||
Newspaper report - Lanarkshire pages|
NB Death certificate and newspaper give name as Archibald Livingstone
|1863||November||18||Whifflat No 14||Coatbridge||Trustees of the late John Wilson||John Rae||Brusher||45||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of roof|
|1863||November||18||Binniehill Colliery||Alexander Burt||7||Not listed||Death not listed in Inspectors report||Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages|
|1863||November||19||Dennymill||Denny||Robert Addie||James Currie||Boy||12||Ironstone mines above ground||Breakage of one of the pit ropes, by which the deceased was struck on the pithead||Newspaper report - Stirlingshire pages|
|1863||November||20||Bredisholm||Baillieston||Provanhall Coal Co||Bernd Divine||Collier||22||Falls of roof||Fall of roof in Pyotshaw workings. No props up.|
|1863||November||21||Cadder No 3||Bishopbriggs||Carron Iron Co||Peter Drummond||Miner||35||Ironstone mines falls of ironstone and roof||Fall of roof at the face||Newspaper report - Lanarkshire pages|
|1863||November||26||Crofthead||Wilsontown||W S Dixon||H O'Niel||Miner||--||Ironstone mines in shafts||Cage catched while he was descending and he was pitched out on to a scaffold. He died in the infirmary|
|1863||November||27||Craigston||Cumnock||William Baird & Co||John Donoughie||Collier||35||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal at face|
|1863||November||27||Haughead||Hamilton||Merry & Cunningham||Henry Wilson||Collier||19||Explosions||Explosion of fire damp shaft below scaffold on which he was standing. Not ventilated|
From 1866 report: During last year Mrs. Wilson, the mother of a young man who was killed by an explosion of fire-damp, in 1863, in Messrs, Merry and Cunninghame's pit at Haugh-head, near Hamilton, sued that firm for damages for the loss of her son, and a jury awarded her £100. The defenders applied for and got a new trial in January last, but the jury again gave a verdict in her favour for £100.
|1863||November||27||South Dean||Kilmarnock||Robert Brown||Allan Reid||Collier||27||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal at face|
|1863||November||28||Drumpeller No 11||Coatbridge||Trustees of the late John Wilson||Henry McConnel||Collier||19||Falls of coal and roof||Fall of coal at face|
|1863||December||2||Kinneil||Bo'ness||George Wilson & Co||Charles Brown||Miner||--||Ironstone mines explosions||Explosion of fire damp. Neglect of 2nd General rule|
|1863||December||3||Drumgray||Airdrie||Drumgray Coal Co||James Marshal||Engineman||--||Ironstone mines above ground||Found dead among the wheels of his engine|
|1863||December||4||Kinneil||Bo'ness||George Wilson & Co||George Sheddon||Miner||--||Ironstone mines explosions||Explosion of fire damp. Neglect of 1st General rule|
|1863||December||5||Morningside||Wishaw||James Bennie||Richard Kyle||Drawer||14||Falls of roof||Fall of roof in the drawing road|
|1863||December||9||Greenbank||Dalry||Merry & Cunningham||Arthur Hill||Miner||22||Ironstone mines miscellaneous||Jammed between the roof and the hutch he was assisting to lower|
From Main body of report: The deceased had been assisting one of the regular drawers to lower a hutch of ironstone upon one of the usual drawing roads. The drawer at the time of the accident was behind, and he in front of it. The roadway was not steep, and a loaded hutch could be easily controlled by two stoppers. It is assumed that the deceased had accidentally struck his head against the roof, and before he could recover himself it had got jammed between the roof and the descending hutch.
|1863||December||15||Carronhall||Falkirk||Carron Iron Co||Margaret Rankin||Pit-head woman||55||Above ground||Fatally injured by waggon wheel running over her at pit mouth||Newspaper report- Stirlingshire pages|
|1863||December||16||Greenhill||Holytown||Robert Young||John Lithgow||Sinker||--||Ironstone mines in shafts||The winding drum was not properly kept in gear, and the wheels got clear, and he was killed by the rope falling upon him|
From Main body of report: The accident at Greenhill from the engineman neglecting to secure the engine in proper winding gear, is more noticeable from the fact that in January of this year just one month afterwards, a precisely similar accident occurred at the same pit also attended with loss of life. There was nothing unusual in the arrangement of the machinery, and it was all new and in good order.
The proprietor at once stopped all operations after the second accident until a second engine was erected for pumping, which did away with the necessity of throwing the winding apparatus out of gear for that purpose. There can be no doubt that there is less risk of accidents when there are separate engines for pumping and winding on a sinking pit.
|1863||December||21||Hashwood No 3||Dalry||Merry & Cunningham||Donald McDonald||Sinker||46||Ironstone mines in shafts||The drum shaft got in motion when out of gear and the rope and kettle were dashed to the bottom upon the deceased, a distance of 123 fathoms|
From Main body of report: The engineman had on the morning of the accident wished to change the position of the rope with relation to the "lift" of the engine ; and in cases of sinking pits this change, to regulate the position of the " lift " to suit the power, requires to be made occasionally.
At the time of the accident the engineman and pit-headman had been engaged making one of these changes. They had ungeared the pinion or driving wheel, with the wheel upon the drum shaft; and the sinking kettle attached to the end of the rope, it is presumed, was rested on the scaffold at the pit mouth.
The rope was composed of wire, round, and as usual had a piece of chain attached to the end of it for the purpose of forming connections. As the drum and the top of the "strike board" where the kettle rested were near the same level, it may be assumed that if the rope had been of a uniform weight, and laid on the pulley, it would have had little or no tendency to cause a movement of the drum. But the chain attached to the end of the rope being of greater weight, in the present case perhaps a hundredweight, it appears that this excess with the drum shaft out of gear, was sufficient to produce motion. This movement, which at first must have been very slight, would gradually as the chain lowered increase, till once the "kettle" would be drawn over into the shaft, when the velocity would go on progressing.
The engineman and pit-headman had observed the movement of the drum, and had taken steps to prevent the descent of the rope by endeavouring to put the machinery into gear. The rapid rate at which the drum shaft was revolving, however, prevented this being accomplished. Consequently the whole length of the rope was uncoiled from the drum, upwards of 800 feet, and with the kettle were dashed to the bottom, where three sinkers were engaged. One escaped without much injury, but the other two were killed upon the spot.
The engineman and pit-headman had made great exertions to stop the machinery and were found after the accident lying among the broken parts of it severely injured.
The neglect in this case of not taking the necessary precautions to prevent the drum from getting into motion when uncontrolled and out of gear was evidently the cause of accident.
|1863||December||22||Stevenson||Stevenson||Merry & Cunningham||John Ward||Collier||18||Above ground||Crushed by getting entangled with the pumping crank|
From Main body of report: In this case the sufferer was a collier, and on the day of the accident he had occasion to leave his work for the purpose of going to the surface.
On quitting the cage at the pitmouth, it is supposed to go in to the engine-house, instead of passing by the usual gangway, he had gone round the end of the pumping machinery, and in some way got in contact with the revolving crank which works on the end of the pumping shaft, from which he received such injuries as must have proved immediately fatal.
From the position in which the body was thrown it was some time, probably not less than half an hour, before the accident was discovered.
|1863||December||25||Coltness||Wishaw||A G Simpson||Alex Gibb||Drawer||14||In shafts||Knocked off cage by stone while ascending pit|
|1863||December||29||Annbank No 4||Ayr||J T Gordon||John Log||Labourer||22||Above ground||Missed his footing while engaged assisting the engineman to start the winding machinery|
From Main body of report: The deceased, who was an assistant pit headman, had gone on to the drum shaft wall for the purpose of assisting the engineman to start the engine, which at the time had been standing on the "centre."
On leaving the machinery, after assisting to put it in motion, his foot appears to have slipped, and he fell down upon the arms of the revolving drum, a distance of 4 1/2 feet or thereby, by which he received such injuries as proved fatal.